September 29, 2023
The skin microbiome: Everything you need to know

. A What is Skin Microbiome?

You all might have commonly heard of the friendly bacteria in the gut and how they have an impact on maintaining the health of your digestive system. The skin microbiome  are not just present in the gut but also on your skin. It is very uncommon to know by people that friendly bacteria also reside on and in the skin.

The skin is the largest organ in your body, and trillions of microorganisms, such as fungi, bacteria, and viruses, form the flora of the skin. These invisible friendly microorganisms form the ‘skin microbiome.’ They play an important role in maintaining your overall health. It protects your skin by creating a protective barrier together with lipid and acid mantle. This barrier protects the skin from external factors like pollution, stress, etc. Although limited, some researchers believe they protect against UV rays as well. In addition to providing a protective shield to your skin, it also helps maintain the pH balance and improves immunity.

Functions of skin microbiome

The skin microbiome is a part of the physical layer of the skin and works in multiple ways for  protection.

  •  It protect the skin from various infection as certain microbes in the group act as natural antibiotics and keeps your skin acidic, which is not liked by pathogens.
  • A healthy microbiome of the skin helps in wound healing and prevents inflammation. The signals of microbes activate or deactivate your immune system and thus control the inflammatory reaction and promote healing.
  • The skin microbiome regulates your immune system and works as a warning signal for the body against dangerous microorganisms. It plays a major role in protecting the skin from UV rays of the sun. As these harmful rays may eventually cause cancer; however, proper understanding in this respect is still pending, and so research is still going on in that direction.
  • It has also been found that any disturbances in the skin microbiome can contribute to the development of various skin diseases like eczema, acne, rashes, psoriasis, and dermatitis.

The connection between skin conditions and skin microbiome

There can be changes in the skin microbiome due to certain reasons. The imbalance in the microbiome due to the changes is call dysbiosis. This connection may lead to some skin conditions like psoriasis, acne, atopic dermatitis, improper healing of wounds, and rosacea. However, researchers are also working on finding out the connection between the skin microbiome and certain health conditions like albinism, warts, dandruff, vitiligo, and toenail infections.

Factors responsible for skin microbiome damage

The skin microbiome is resilient and stable. But this gets disturbed due to certain contributing factors, which are as follows:

  • Certain beauty products, environmental factors, cleansers, and improper diet can damage a healthy skin microbiome.
  • Hormonal changes can also affect . The hormones responsible for puberty aggravate the secretion of sebum which is a natural oil over your skin. The composition of the microbiome varies throughout your body, some microbes may like oily spots, and others thrive in dry areas. So during puberty, due to increased secretion of sebum, microbes change. Hence, you experience acne.
  •  Pollution, genetic factors, smoking habit, UV rays, probiotic skincare, etc., are also responsible for the imbalance of the skin microbiome.
  • Oral antibiotics are also found to be contributing to changes in the skin microbiome.
  • The pH balance of human skin is quite sensitive and can be easily thrown off by the products we use on a regular basis. Soap, shampoo, and even cosmetics fall under this category. Problems with the skin’s microbiome might arise when this PH balance is upset.

Ways for maintaining healthy skin

It may not always be possible to control the skin microbiome. However, some of the ways of maintaining a healthy skin microbiome are as follows:

  • Take a balanced diet:  According to researchers, the gut microbiome highly affects your skin microbiome. So it is recommend to take a nutritious diet that should include good fat, vegetables, fiber, and proteins. It is also essential to stay hydrated every time as it affects 
  • Avoid over-cleansing of skin: If your skin is cleaned very frequently, it can disturb your healthy skin microbiome, mainly when too much of antibacterial products are used. In fact, attempts should be made to keep your skin moisturized as it helps in fighting certain skin conditions.
  • Use probiotics: Probiotics help in maintaining the gut microbiome in a healthy state, and as you know, the gut microbiome is linked to the skin microbiome. Thus, probiotics also help in maintaining a healthy skin microbiome. One of the common probiotic-containing food is yogurt. You can also use hair care products from Justhuman enriched with Probiotics to maintain a healthy scalp.
  • Spend time in nature: It has been said that the greenery of nature is helpful for your skin and also useful for your physical and mental health.
  • Use the right beauty product: It is important to use beauty products containing the right ingredients. Nowadays, many beauty products are available in the market claiming to improve your skin. But instead of blindly trusting anyone, you should develop a habit of checking the ingredients of the product and taking decisions wisely. It is recommend not to use products containing Sulphates, Parabens, and Toxic Chemical ingredients as they may harm your skin microbiome. Switch to fast beauty brands like Justhuman provides cruelty and toxin-free products with clean biocompatible ingredients. By keeping the skin at a healthy pH, Justhuman products aid in the normal functioning of the microbiome.
  • Consult your dermatologist: Suppose your skin microbiome gets affect due to any reason; you need to get it back with the help of an expert.


Understanding the essential to having healthy and happy skin. There are many different bacteria and fungi that populate our skinthey play an important role in keeping us healthy! We hope this article has given you a better understanding of the bacterial community living on your skin. Some helpful tips for maintaining a balanced microbiome. Knowing what’s actually going on underneath can help you make more informed decisions about products like probiotics, prebiotics, antibiotics, skincare routines, diet choices, and lifestyle habits. Also, you can now choose brands like Justhuman that take constant efforts to deliver cruelty-free and biocompatible products. Taking simple steps towards bettering your skin’s health can ultimately lead to a healthier and happ


For More Blogs:

1 thought on “The skin microbiome: Everything you need to know

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *